Literature & links

IMO MSC Circ.1014 Guidance on fatigue mitigation and management

Crew fatigue is influenced by ambient environmental conditions. Naval Architect and ship designers should consider ergonomics to help limiting fatigue. Sets of general ergonomic principles are given. Relevant rules and standards are listed.

Type: Rules and standards Author: IMO Publication year: 2001 Publisher: IMO

IMO MSC 87/26/Add.1 Annex 12 ADOPTION OF THE GUIDELINES FOR VERIFICATION OF CONFORMITY WITH GOAL-BASED SHIP CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS FOR BULK CARRIERS AND OIL TANKERS

The Guidelines provide the procedures necessary for demonstrating and verifying that the ship design and construction rules of an Administration or its recognized organization conform to the Standards. It should be verified that the rules incorporate human element and ergonomic considerations into the structural design and arrangement to facilitate operations, inspection and maintenance activity. How the rules consider human element and ergonomics during the structural design and arrangement of the ship should be described. Evaluation criteria are provided.

Type: other Author: IMO Publication year: 2010 Publisher: IMO

IMO MSC Circ.834 Guidelines for Engine-Room Layout, Design and Arrangement

The guidelines focus on the human-machine environment of the engine-room. So-called “relevant factors” are identified to describe engine-room safety in terms of the human element aspects that are affected by layout, design and arrangement: familiarity, occupational health, ergonomics, minimizing risk through layout and design and survivability. Recommended procedures are given to address these factors. These guidelines are referred to in SOLAS Chapter II-1

Type: Rules and standards Author: IMO Publication year: 1998 Publisher: IMO

IMO MSC-MEPC.7/Circ.1 CHECKLIST FOR CONSIDERING HUMAN ELEMENT ISSUES BY IMO BODIES

Checklist should be completed by all relevant IMO bodies before approving or adopting amendments to mandatory and non-mandatory IMO instruments. Member Governments are also encouraged to complete this checklist before submitting proposals for development or amendments to IMO instruments and submit a completed checklist accompanying relevant proposals.

Type: other Author: IMO Publication year: 2006 Publisher: IMO

IMO MSC-MEPC.7/Circ.3 FRAMEWORK FOR CONSIDERATION OF ERGONOMICS AND WORK ENVIRONMENT

An Initial framework for the consideration of ergonomics and the working environment in order to reduce the incidents of personal injuries and human errors has been developed. Five key areas for ergonomics onboard ships should be considered: 1. manual valve operation, access, location and orientation; 2. stairs, vertical ladders, ramps, walkways and work platforms; 3. inspection and maintenance considerations; 4. working environment; and 5. the application of ergonomics to design. Two approaches are envisaged for IMO to progress on this topic: • Review existing IMO instruments to determine where fundamental ergonomics and work environment considerations might enhance shipboard safety and environmental protection; and • Consider the development of guidance for IMO and the industry, as set forth in the appendix, on the application of ergonomics to ships also taking into account existing IMO instruments as relevant (e.g. MSC/Circ.982)

Type: other Author: IMO Publication year: 2006 Publisher: IMO

IMO MSC/Circ.1091 ISSUES TO BE CONSIDERED WHEN INTRODUCING NEW TECHNOLOGY ON BOARD SHIP

Issues to consider for the training of seafarers: Standardization of interface with standard symbology for common operations Training for the use of such systems should take into account the special human element issues associated with the human machine interface, the recognition that automation changes a task it was meant to support and that operators will monitor less effectively when automation is installed

Type: other Author: IMO Publication year: 2003 Publisher: IMO

IMO MSC/Circ.982 GUIDELINES ON ERGONOMIC CRITERIA FOR BRIDGE EQUIPMENT AND LAYOUT

These guidelines are developed to realize a successful ergonomic design of the bridge and the equipment on the bridge, to improve the reliability and efficiency of navigation. They provide ergonomic requirements for: bridge layout, work environment, workstation layout, alarms, information display and interactive control. They also recommend equipment for the various workstations on the bridge, as well as standards dealing with ergonomic criteria for bridge equipment and layout. They are referred to in SOLAS Chapter V.

Type: Rules and standards Author: IMO Publication year: 2000 Publisher: IMO

IMO Res MSC.128(75) Performance Standards for a Bridge Navigational Watch Alarm System (BNWAS)

In Section 5 Ergonomic Criteria are listed

Type: Rules and standards Author: IMO Publication year: 2002 Publisher: IMO

IMO Resolution A.1021(26). Code on Alerts and Indications (2009)

A guidance document for designers and operators that provides design guidance and promotes uniformity of type, location and prioritywith references to priorities, aggregation, grouping, locations and types, including colors and symbols of shipboard alerts and indicators.

Type: Rules and standards Author: IMO Publication year: 2009 Publisher: IMO

IMO RESOLUTION A.861(20) PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR SHIPBORNE VOYAGE DATA RECORDERS (VDRs)

Type: Rules and standards Author: IMO Publication year: 1997 Publisher: IMO